Gingivitis in dogs is an inflammation of the gums and is the early stage of a gum disease called periodontal disease. Gingivitis is very common in dogs, and it is treatable, though if it is left untreated, it can develop into advanced periodontal disease, which will lead to teeth loss. Gingivitis is caused by bacteria that accumulates due to plaque and tartar buildup. The inflammation of the gums may become more severe and painful, and the gums may even start to bleed. Gingivitis is preventable in dogs with regular, at-home teeth brushing and occasional professional teeth cleanings, just as it is in humans. Many dog owners, however, do not give enough thought to their dogs’ dental health until it is too late. If you see the signs of gingivitis in your dog, ask your veterinarian about treatment and how to care for your dog’s teeth and gums at home to prevent further gum disease. Here is what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments for gingivitis in dogs.
Symptoms Of Gingivitis In Dogs
The symptoms of gingivitis in dogs may start out with mild inflammation of the gums at first, but as the gum disease progresses, symptoms will become more severe and noticeable. If your veterinarian sees the signs of gingivitis in your dog, they may recommend professional teeth cleaning and advise you on how to maintain your dog’s oral hygiene at home. Here are some common symptoms of gingivitis in dogs.
- Thin, red line along the gums
- Swollen gums
- Bad breath
- Plaque buildup, visible as stained teeth
- Tartar buildup, visible as calcified areas on teeth
- Gums bleed, especially when brushing
- Pus oozing when making contact with gums
- Signs of pain around mouth
- Difficulty eating
- Reluctance to eat
- Loose teeth
- Receding gums